Basic facts  

Area: 78,864 square km

Neighbouring states: Germany, Poland, Austria and Slovakia

Population: 10 293 000

Population density: 131 inhabitants/sq. km

Capital: Prague (Praha) (Population: 1,213,800)

Official language: Czech

Religion: 41,7% religious (incl. 38% Roman Catholic), 58,3% of the population nondenominational.

Climate: Temperate, four seasons, combined ocean and continental climate, changeable in the winter, warm in the summer. Average daily temperatures in January, the coldest month, around -2°C, in July, the hottest month, +20°C and more.

Political system: Parliamentary democracy

Currency: Czech crown (CZK), 1 CZK = 100 hellers; money in circulation: coins: 50 hellers, and 1, 2, 5, 10, 20 and 50 crowns; bank notes: 20, 50, 100, 200, 500, 1000, 2000 and 5000 crowns.

Time zone: Central European Time (CET) (GMT + 1); from April to October - summer time (GMT + 2).

The highest point of elevation: Mt. Snezka (1,602 m above sea level)

The lowest point of elevation: near Hřensko where the River Labe leaves Czech territory (117 m above sea level)

Important telephone numbers:

Police 158
Fire Brigade 150
Ambulance 155

State and public holidays:

  • 1st January - Day of the restoration of the independent Czech state, New Year´s Day
  • variable - Easter Monday
  • 1st May - May Day
  • 8th May - Day of Liberation form Fascism
  • 5th July - Day of the Slav missionaries Cyril and Methodius
  • 6th July - Master John Huss Day (1415)
  • 28th September - Day of Czech statehood
  • 28th October - Day of foundation of the independent Czechoslovak state (1918)
  • 17th November - Day of struggle for freedom and democracy
  • 24th December - Christmas Eve
  • 25th December - Christmas Day
  • 26th December - Boxing Day